Document Type: Original Article
Climate change, the growth of energy consumption, and the insecurity of fossil energy sources became a global energy challenge with the first alarm in 1970 and with the recurrence of the 1984 and 2005 crises on a global scale, affecting the work of researchers and programs of governments and policymakers. As the trend continues in today's world, the spread of environmental pollution on the planet has added to it. Accordingly, the present study aims to investigate the state of energy to date and pay attention to the providence of studies by international organizations and institutions. The building sector accounts for about 40% of the world's energy consumption, with a high share of greenhouse gas emissions. The results show that in order to control the challenges and reduce the factors being affected by this sector in energy consumption and the environment, creating a suitable environment for the use of renewable energy in architecture is essential and can be an effective solution to overcome these challenges.