Document Type: Original Article
Department extension and education, science and research branch,Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Agricultural joint stock companies and production cooperatives are one of the forms of exploitation systems after the land reform, and the dissatisfaction of the peasants for various reasons at the beginning of the revolution led to the dissolution of many of them. After three decades, some regional and national experts have shown concern for their revitalization, because they believe that by solving the previous problems of these companies, the goals of modernizing agricultural and rural development can be achieved in the programs after the victory of the revolution. Kamyaran Agricultural Joint Stock Company is one of the five companies retained after the victory of the Islamic Revolution and Golshan Production Cooperative is the only company established after the victory of the Islamic Revolution in the city. In the present study, an attempt has been made to investigate the economic, social, cultural and welfare effects of these two companies on rural development in the covered villages. This research has been done with a descriptive-analytical approach. The required data and information were collected using a questionnaire through statistical samples and library resources and materials. The study area is the villages covered by two companies and due to the limitations of the members of the study community, the census method has been used. Statistical data were analyzed in SPSS environment using correlation, Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis and regression tests.