Document Type: Original Article
Department of Architecture, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht, Iran
Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
The urban planning achieves optimal urban objectives in the real sense when the needs and requirements of all the citizens are considered based on the age requirements. In this regard, children, as one of the social groups, must be more involved in urban planning. In recent years, in terms of the child-friendly cities, various researches have been done both globally and domestically. However, due to the lack of expansion and implementation of the expected indicators, there are a few cities that have gotten close to the optimal level, all over the world. One of the cases which have not been considered in the cities and has not been able to have child-friendly city indicators is the cultural complexes. In this regard, the current study aimed to identify the factors effective in designing child-friendly cultural complexes. The current study is descriptive-analytical. It has been done by library-based instruments and through indexing and reviewing the related writings (including the books and articles) have been used for the study. The effective factors in designing the child-friendly cultural complexes include the welfare, safety and security, association with nature, association with the history, culture and social identity, access to the facilities, and existence of institutions and the spaces relevant to the children, paying attention to the paralyzed children, etc. The children as the potential social capitals of the society required attention and care, and have a specific share of the cities and urban spaces. Perhaps, the only solutions to stop and prevent future crises in the cities age the creation of innovation in designing child-friendly cultural complexes or spaces.