The Impacts of Livelihood Capitals on Improving the Sustainable Livelihood in Rural Communities with a Rural Cooperative Approach

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Economics, Agricultural Extension and Education, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Agricultural Extension and Education, IIILAM BRANCH, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY

Abstract

Sustainable livelihood was introduced in the 1980s as a new approach to rural development to reduce and eradicate rural poverty. Achieving sustainable rural livelihoods is not possible without considering the rural livelihoods assets. Accordingly, the present study aimed to evaluate the impact of livelihood capital on the sustainable livelihood of members of cooperative companies in the rural cooperative project. The present study was an applied and survey research based on purpose and data collection method, respectively. The statistical population included 198 cooperatives managers covered by the cooperative rural project who were selected by proportional sampling. A structured and researcher-made questionnaire was used as a data collection tool. The content and face validity of the questionnaire were confirmed by a panel of experts. Research reliability was ensured using the pilot study and calculating the Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The regression analysis indicated that four social, natural, financial, and physical capitals had the most impact among the five livelihood capitals.

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