The Economic Productivity of Water Consumption in Damask Rose Cultivation Compared to Other Crops in Solan

Document Type : Original Article


1 School of Agriculture, Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences, Solan, india

2 Department of Horticulture, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India

3 Department of Genetics & Plant Breeding, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, India

4 School of Agriculture, Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences, Solan, India


Water is an important factor in economic development and the agriculture sector is also regarded as the largest consumer of water in Iran. Hence, the present study aimed at exploring the economic productivity of water consumption in the Damask rose cultivation compared to other farm crops in Solan. The field method was used in this study. The farms of wheat, barley, alfalfa, and Damask rose were managed in an optimal and standard way during the crop year. The amount of water consumption in each hectare of the four experimental farms was measured using the installed counter. Then, the minor costs of growing and harvesting each crop were specified. The indices of Cropper Drop (CPD), Benefit per Drop (BPD), and Net Benefit per Drop (NBPD) were used for calculating water productivity in different crops. The indices of BPD and NBPD indicated that in spite of low production and yield, Damask rose had the largest amounts of BPD and NBPD among the crops. Although the amount of water consumed by Damask rose was lower than that of alfalfa by 58 percent, the NBPD of Damask rose was 3 times more than that of alfalfa. The area under cultivation of alfalfa, one of the most water-intensive crops, in Solan is about 8000 hectares. If this area is diminished by 50 percent by changing the cultivation pattern, implementing promotional plans, and awakening the farmers, the other 50 percent can be devoted to the cultivation of Damask rose. Therefore, the production and employment are maintained and at least 29 million cubic meters of water can be saved per year.


Volume 5, Issue 2 - Serial Number 10
December 2021
Pages 142-153
  • Receive Date: 25 April 2021
  • Revise Date: 19 September 2021
  • Accept Date: 26 October 2021
  • First Publish Date: 26 October 2021