Identifying and Explaining the Factors Affecting Perfectionism in Managers

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Physical Education and Sports Management, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran

2 Department of Physical Education and Sports Management, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran,

3 Department of Physical Education and Sports Management, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

 The present study aimed to identify and explain the factors affecting perfectionism in Iran's managers, coaches, and
professional athletes. The present study was applied in terms of nature and descriptive-exploratory in terms
of analysis method and survey in terms of research method. The study's statistical population included all
university experts in the field of organizational behavior in the qualitative section and all athletes, coaches, and
managers of professional sports in Iran in the quantitative section. A purposeful and convenient sampling method was
used in the qualitative section. Accordingly, 15 experienced professors of the university were interviewed. The
statistical sample in the quantitative section was determined to be 353 people using the Morgan table, which 374
questionnaires without defects were returned, and these 374 questionnaires were used as a final sample in data
analysis. In the qualitative section, data were collected using interviews with elites, and in the
quantitative section, they were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire. The results of the Friedman test showed
that according to the mean ranks, the variable of individual factors has the highest rank, and the environmental
variable, interpersonal and organizational, has the lowest rank among the variables. The results also revealed that the
model of factors affecting perfectionism in Iran's managers, coaches, and professionals had a desirable fit.
The results also showed that there is no significant difference between the perfectionism levels of managers, coaches
and professional athletes in Iran.
 

Keywords